Netanyahu. Foto: Gil Cohen Magen / shutterstock

The chief prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), Karim Khan, requested, this Monday (20), arrest warrants for the Israeli Prime Minister, Benjamin Netanyahu, and the Minister of Defense, Yoav Gallant, as well as for Hamas leaders: Yahya Sinwar (head of Hamas), Mohammed Diab Ibrahim Al-Masri (military commander-in-chief) and Ismail Hanyieh (head of the Political Bureau).

According to Khan, if the judges at the court in The Hague, in the Netherlands, accept the request, work will begin to try to arrest all those accused. He indicated that his office has substantial evidence that war crimes and crimes against humanity were committed.

Karim Khan, do TPI. Photo: ONU/Loey Felipe

War crimes

The complaint against the Israelis states the high number of deaths in Gaza, more than 35 thousand. Furthermore, responsibility for the humanitarian crisis is indicated, with the spread of hunger and the lack of basic health and fuel resources. Throughout the period of war, reports indicate that Israel has made it difficult for humanitarian aid to enter the enclave.

read more: Netanyahu’s coalition splits amid protests in Tel Aviv

Hamas leaders must be held responsible for crimes committed in Israel and Palestine since the outbreak of war on October 7.

Among the Palestinian authorities, the measure was criticized for making a false equivalence between the crimes committed by Israel and the actions of Hamas.


The International Criminal Court (ICC) has 124 member states, including Brazil. If a conviction is determined, the person must be arrested if they are in any of the group’s countries. However, the court does not have the power to make arrests, which must be done by the member state.

Israel is not part of the ICC, as are China, India, Russia and the United States, the latter two have not ratified the Rome Statute – the body’s founding treaty.

Unlike the International Court of Justice (ICJ), the United Nations (UN) and also located in The Hague, the ICC judges people rather than countries.


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