It is the first time since the beginning of the war that the Kremlin will be tried for the attacks on Ukraine before the ICC
The ICC (International Criminal Court), also called the Hague Court, will issue, for the 1st time since the beginning of the war between Russia and Ukraine, arrest warrants for war crimes committed during the conflict. The information is from the newspaper New York Times.
The jurisdictional body accuses Russian soldiers of kidnapping Ukrainian children and teenagers to send them to re-education camps in the country. In addition, the Kremlin will also be tried for attacking the eastern European country’s infrastructure.
According to the American newspaper, the accusations were made after months of investigation by international teams.
The 1st case concerns a Russian government program, in which Ukrainian minors were removed from the country and placed in other homes to “become Russian citizens” or sent to summer camps to be “reeducated”. The information is that these young people came from orphanages.
According to the Kremlin, the actions are part of an initiative “humanitarian” from Moscow to protect Ukrainian children orphaned or abandoned as a result of the war.
The lead prosecutor in the case, Karim Khan, is expected to present the allegations first to a pre-trial panel that will decide whether the steps to carry out the process were taken legally or whether investigators will need more evidence to follow through with the cases. arrest warrants.
According to New York Timesmatter officials said it is possible Russia’s President Vladimir Putin could be charged because the ICC does not grant immunity to a head of state involved in war crimes, crimes against humanity or genocide.
However, the likelihood of a trial is somewhat remote for experts on the subject, as the court is prohibited from hearing cases by default, when the defendant remains silent after being summoned, does not defend the plaintiff’s claims, and fails to appear at the hearings. sessions of the process, and it is unlikely that the Kremlin would incriminate its own officials.
The ICC has not yet announced which people will be tried specifically, however, the New York Times requested confirmation of the arrest warrant requests. In response, the court responded that it will not discuss “details related to ongoing investigations”.
The International Criminal Court was established in 2002 in the context of the Rome Statute with the aim of trying “international war crimes, genocide and crimes against humanity”. The jurisdictional body is based in The Hague, The Netherlands.
The ICC is composed of 4 bodies. These being the Presidency, the Judicial Sections, which involve Appeals, Trial at 1st Instance and Instruction, the Prosecution and the Secretariat.
The Tribunal’s Court exercises jurisdiction over more than 120 countries, including Brazil. Both Russia and Ukraine are not parties to the Rome Statute.