Brazil and Portugal celebrated their diplomatic rapprochement this Saturday (22) during the visit of President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva (PT) to Lisbon with the signing of 13 agreements, memoranda of understanding and a joint declaration.
These are initiatives in the areas of education, justice, energy, science and technology, tourism, health. Lula also made statements about the war in Ukraine and negotiations for an agreement between Mercosur and the European Union.
“We have an extraordinary potential to double the flow of foreign trade between our countries,” said the Brazilian president alongside his Portuguese counterpart, Marcelo Rebelo.
Check out the main highlights of the agreements and the declaration, which can be seen in full at this link.
War in Eastern Europe divides Brazil and Portugal. While Lula has already criticized the sending of US and European Union weapons to the conflict, Portugal reaffirms its position of guaranteeing means for the Ukrainians to combat the Russian invasion. In the joint statement, the countries stressed their repudiation of “Russia’s violation of Ukraine’s territorial integrity”.
“The Heads of Government emphasized their commitment to international law, the UN Charter and the peaceful resolution of conflicts. They deplored Russia’s violation of Ukraine’s territorial integrity and annexation of parts of its territory as violations of international law. “
“Deplored the loss of human life and destruction of civilian infrastructure, as well as the immense human suffering and worsening vulnerabilities of the world economy caused by the war. of the planet. Converged in support for the full functioning of the Black Sea Grain Initiative. They also underscored the need to promote a just and lasting peace”, says the declaration.
Still in the field of international security, the two countries defended a reform of the Security Council of the United Nations (UN) with the inclusion of new permanent and non-permanent members. “Portugal reiterated its firm support for the assignment of a permanent member of the Security Council to Brazil”, says the text.
European Union – Mercosur Agreement
The text highlights the importance of a “mutually beneficial” agreement between the two trade blocs, in addition to establishing the importance of “speed” for the “signature and ratification of the agreement this year”.
“The two Heads of Government reaffirmed their shared conviction about the mutual advantages of the agreement between the European Union and MERCOSUR, underlining their common understanding of the politically strategic scope of the conclusion of the Agreement and its enormous potential in strengthening political, economic and of cooperation between the two regions”, says the declaration.
Portugal bought five Embraer KC-390 freighters and the first of them has already been delivered. There is the possibility of expanding cooperation so that Embraer sells another aircraft, the Super Tucano (A-29).
“They recognized the importance of signing the Memorandum between Embraer, the Engineering and Development Center (CeiiA), OGMA, GMV and ETI for the establishment of a partnership that allows the production of a version of the Super Tucano aircraft (A- 29) capable of use by NATO countries”, says the statement.
The two countries highlighted the “imperative and urgent need to face the global challenges of climate change and food security” and Portugal stressed its support for the Brazilian plan to host the COP30, in 2025, in the state of Pará. The COP is the important climate summit of diplomacy.
The Brazilian plan to host the COP30 has already received support from the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC) and China.
Portugal also pledged to support the candidacy of Brazilian scientist Thelma Krug for the Presidency of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).
Editing: Rodrigo Durão Coelho