Children cry for food in Rafah, South Gaza. Photo: UNICEF/Abed Zagout

On October 7, the war between Israel and Hamas began, after an invasion of southern Israeli territory. Thus, this Sunday (14), the war completes 100 days with no end in sight and with a trail of deaths that has claimed almost 24,000 Palestinian victims in Gaza.

The attacks on Gaza have been the target of criticism around the world and caused South Africa to file a genocide complaint against Israel at the International Court of Justice (ICJ) in The Hague. The position is defended by the Brazilian government.

On Saturday (13), demonstrations in different parts of the world, including in the city of São Paulo, called for a ceasefire.

The demand for an end to the war notes that Israel has attacked Gaza and largely targeted the civilian population under the pretext of fighting Hamas.

Read too: In The Hague, South Africa lists five genocide crimes committed by Israel

The indiscriminate form of attack generated a serious situation of human rights violations, as the territory’s infrastructure was seriously affected, leading to shortages of food, medicine and water, imposing difficulties for humanitarian aid to reach the region.

Escalation of war

On Saturday, the eve of the 100th day of war, the Israeli army launched an attack on Khan Younis and the central Gaza region. The city is in the south of the territory, a region in which the population is concentrated after the heavy bombing carried out in the north and the consequent expulsion of the Palestinians to the south.

Read too: Act in SP in support of Palestine calls for immediate ceasefire in Gaza

On the same day, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu informed that the International Court of Justice will not stop his intentions to eliminate Hamas, which he calls a “total victory”.


Hamas attacks on Israel took the lives of 1,200 people on October 7. Since then, Israeli casualties have focused on members of the army in attacks on Gaza.

The disproportionate response, however, has already generated what international public opinion has been pointing out as genocide.

Read too: Itamaraty: Lula supports the complaint against Israel at the International Court of Justice

According to the Gaza Ministry of Health, attacks on the territory have killed 23,843 Palestinians, the majority of whom are women and children. Furthermore, the number of people injured by Israel’s attacks is estimated at 60,317.

*With information from international agencies


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