Lula says he made the decision not to go to this Sunday’s international meeting because Brazil would only participate in the discussion on peace when the two sides in conflict, Ukraine and Russia, are sitting at the table

Brazil was one of the countries that did not sign, this Sunday (June 16, 2024), the final communiqué of the Peace Summit in Ukraine, a document that calls for the involvement of all parties in negotiations to achieve peace and “reaffirms territorial integrity” Ukrainian.

On Saturday (June 15), President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva (PT) told the president of the Swiss Confederation, Viola Amherd, that he had made the decision not to go to this Sunday’s international meeting because Brazil would only participate in the discussion about peace when the 2 conflicting sides, Ukraine and Russia, are sitting at the table. “Because it’s not possible for you to have a fight between two people and think that meeting with just one person will solve the problem.”

Faced with the impasse between the 2 heads of state, Lula stated that Brazil has already proposed, in partnership with China, an effective negotiation to resolve the conflict. “As there is still a lot of resistance, both from Zelensky [Volodymyr Zelensky, presidente da Ucrânia], how much of Putin [Vladimir Putin, presidente da Rússia]to talk about peace, everyone has peace in their head, the way they want, and we are, after a document signed with China, by Celso Amorim [assessor-Chefe da Assessoria Especial do Presidente da República do Brasil] and by Xi Jinping’s representative [presidente da República Popular da China] we are proposing that there be an effective negotiation.”

“Let us definitely put Russia at the table, Zelensky at the table, and let’s see if it is possible to convince them that peace will bring better results than war. In peace, no one needs to die, nothing needs to be destroyed. There is no need to victimize innocent soldiers, especially young ones, and there can be an agreement. When you are both willing, we are ready to discuss,” said the president.

To this Sunday’s international meeting, Brazil sent Brazil’s ambassador to Switzerland, diplomat Claudia Fonseca Buzzi. The Ukrainian president was also at the summit to gain international support for his plan to end the war triggered by the Russian invasion.

No unanimity

At the end of the Ukraine Peace Summit in Switzerland, there was no unanimity among the 101 participating delegations. The document, which calls for “all parties” to the armed conflict to be involved to achieve peace, was signed by 84 countries, including leaders from the European Union, the United States, Japan, Argentina and the African countries Somalia and Kenya.

According to the final communiqué, the signatory countries assume that the principles of sovereignty, independence and territorial integrity of all States must be safeguarded.

Regarding nuclear safety, the countries that ratified the final declaration established that the use of nuclear energy and facilities must be safe, secure and environmentally friendly. Ukrainian nuclear facilities, including Zaporizhia, must operate safely under the country’s full control. The document reinforces that any threat or use of nuclear weapons in the context of the ongoing war against Ukraine is unacceptable.

According to the Spanish news agency Efe, among the countries that did not sign the statement are the members of the Brics – a bloc formed by Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa, with Russia and China not even sending representatives. Armenia, Bahrain, Indonesia, Libya, Saudi Arabia, Thailand, the United Arab Emirates and Mexico also did not sign the document.

Ceasefire not accepted

On Friday (14), Russian President Vladimir Putin promised to immediately establish a ceasefire in Ukraine and begin negotiations if the country began to withdraw troops from the four regions annexed by Moscow in 2022: Donetsk, Luhansk, Kherson and Zaporijia. Putin also demanded that Ukraine renounce plans to join NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization).

Since February 2022, Ukraine has resisted the Russian invasion with the aim of maintaining its territorial integrity and has demanded the departure of all Russian troops from the territory. Kiev (capital of Ukraine) maintains its intention to join the North Atlantic military alliance.

The conditions imposed by the Russian president for a possible peace agreement were immediately rejected by Ukraine, the United States and NATO, two years and four months after the start of the conflict, with Russia’s invasion of Ukraine.

With information from Brazil Agency.


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